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Smart shared cars and charging stations

The Province of Zeeland procured a feasibility study and action plan for an intelligent charging plaza with smart electric shared cars in Vlissingen.

On the current parking lot, next to the train station in Vlissingen, the idea arose to realize an intelligent charging square with electric shared cars. The required energy for this square will be sustainable generated and the future charging plaza will be covered with solar panels. We are also thinking about ways to store energy and possibly use it for other purposes.

Futhermore, the study contains a base design that is suitable for application to the other coastal parking spaces in Zeeland.


Client: Over Morgen B.V.

Contractor : Provincie Zeeland & Gemeente Vlissingen

Period: The contract was awarded on the 1st of November 2021. The delivery is 15 December 2021.

Activities: Feasibility of the most optimal solution for the short and medium term (redevelopment of vlissingen station area in early 2023).

Type of tender: Multiple private tenders.

This project is part of: Wind in the Sails (compensation package).



The Smart charging plaza will generate energy with solar panels. This increases the share of renewable energy in the mix.


By developing a blueprint for a feasible Super Slim charging plaza for shared cars, this concept will become scalable to other locations in Zeeland.


Unlike fossil fuel vehicles, electric transport does not emit NOx. This contributes to an improvement in air quality.


Electrical Sharing Cars means that fewer cars are needed. Meaning a reduced use of materials as well as emmission of greenhouse gasses.


By offering CO2-free transport at a visible location on the NS station it is easy for ferry residents, commuters and tourists to traval sustainable.


The study consists of the following parts:

  • Research into a Smart Charging Plaza with at least 50 charging points, scalable to 100 or 200 charging points;
  • Local generation of sustainable energy on the roof;
  • Smart charging (load balancing, peak shaving and bidirectional charging);
  • Local energy storage with batteries, charging and discharging bidirectional electric (shared) cars;
  • Charging electric shared scooters and shared e-bikes;
  • Look through to the charging of public transport buses, Westerschelde Ferry and autonomous ferry;
  • Overview of subsidy options for the realization of a charging plaza;
  • Insight into possible (consortium) partners for the realization of the Slim charging plaza.
kenniswerf vlissingen


car Km

KG avoided CO2 WTW

1. Smart charging plaza

The research for the smart charging plaza focuses on the simultaneous charging of at least 50 electric cars at the lowest cost per kWh and should offer the best options for scaling up easily to 100, 150 or 200 charging points in the near future. It is also important to get the most out of the network connection and to find the optimal balance between the wishes of the electric driver (charging speed), the network connection and the number of charging points. In addition, research into flexibility throughout the year is part of the assignment. Are there opportunities to scale up and down in and out of the tourist season?

2. Local generation of solar energy

The intention is to cover the parking lot with the charging points with solar panels in order to directly “harvest” and use the solar power locally for the mobility needs. The question is which business case is already available for this and which parties are prepared to invest in this. We are learning from local generation, certainly in combination with the use of a stationary battery, smart and bidirectional charging. Later, together with other coastal municipalities, this set-up can also be marketed for coastal parking spaces.

3. Smart and bidirectional charging Electric shared cars

By using bidirectional ready electric shared cars, we can further optimize the energy system and optimally distribute the generated energy among the electric cars to be charged. In the event of less supply and peak prices on the energy market, power can also be returned to the grid or other power demand can be met. Due to the growth in the number of shared cars in Zeeland, these vehicles can together ensure a better balance on the grid because they can be used during peaks and dips in the electricity supply.

4. Local stationary battery

By using a stationary battery, we can further optimize the energy system if, for example, all cars are in use and a lot of solar energy is still being generated, or if all cars simultaneously have a large power demand and the grid connection is not sufficient, this peak can be absorbed. with the battery. It can also serve as an emergency power supply for the entire station area in the event of a power failure, allowing vital parts to continue to run.

5. Charging electric shared scooter and e-bikes

The charging infrastructure for the electric scooters and partial e-bikes will also be linked to the Super Slim charging plaza so that they can also drive through Vlissingen on solar energy.

6. View charging public transport buses, Westerschelde Ferry and autonomous ferry.

From 2025, all new public transport buses in the Zeeland concession will be electric. This can become part of the energy system. Charging facilities for taxis, ships and other future mobility solutions can also be linked. If the Westerschelde Ferry will sail electrically, a high-power charger will have to be connected in the ferry port that can become part of the total energy system of the Station Area.

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“The need for chargning stations grows with the number of Electrical cars. Especially in the tourist season the intensity is high. We want also want to generate the energy needed locally.”

Ron de Bruijn

Programma coordinator Living Smart Mobility, Province of Zeeland

“On the place with the most sunhours in the Netherlands the potantial to generate renewable energy is high. Visitors of Flushing will be able to travel by train and make use of zero emission sharing vehicles.”

Nienke Dekkers-Bijlsma

Projectmanager, AddVision projectonwikkeling

“Great to involved in this tender and contribute to knowledge sharing for other coatal areas with this feasiblity study. We need to scale up and take action for climate change. “

Kim Barentsen

Inkoopadviseur, Province of Zeeland

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